Newspaper Coverage of Issue-based Political Statements and Campaigns in Nigeria’s Electoral Process (November 2018 – February 2019)
pdf

Abstract views: 161
PDF Downloads: 52

Keywords

electoral process
election campaign
issue-based
political statements
media
Nigeria

How to Cite

Ikpgegbu, E., & Ihejirika, W. (2020). Newspaper Coverage of Issue-based Political Statements and Campaigns in Nigeria’s Electoral Process (November 2018 – February 2019). Galactica Media: Journal of Media Studies, 2(2), 66-86. https://doi.org/10.46539/gmd.v2i2.77

Abstract

The electoral process in Nigeria is now more dynamic than in earlier years because of the nature of competitions among politicians. In a bid to sell candidates and woo voters, political parties engage in election campaigns during which statements are made. Campaigns ought to address issues of public importance, but in some instances the comments are mere expressions of personal sentiments. The press is not just the fourth estate of the realm but also the voice of the people to report issues for voters’ enlightenment. This paper examined newspaper coverage of issue-based political statements and campaigns in Nigeria’s 2019 electoral process. Two theoretical frameworks for the study were Agenda Setting Theory and Development Media Theory. The study was both quantitative and qualitative, covering newspaper reports from two national dailies, Vanguard and The Punch. A total of 76 editions were studied using the content analysis research design, with quoted statements buttressing the argument. The data were presented with frequency tables and analysed through simple percentages. There were 116 reports on the subject in the dailies. The paper found out that while there were coverage over some national issues like restructuring, security, corruption, economy, and electricity, the greater volume of political statements were not issue-based. There is the need for the press to pay less attention on matters that would not serve to educate voters adequately. The study recommends that the press use the editorials to canvass for issue-based comments. The study also contributed to knowledge as the seminal analysis of political statements in 2019 general elections.

https://doi.org/10.46539/gmd.v2i2.77
pdf

References

Adeleke, F. (2006). Political behaviour among the rural dwellers in selected areas of Osun State. M.Sc Project: Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Adibe, J. (2015). Fayose’s advert: Offensive or hate speech? Adapted from a paper presented at a roundtable on hate speech organized by the Kukah Centre, Abuja, January 27.

Anaeto, S. G., Onabanjo, O. S. & Osifeso, J. B. (2008). Theories and models of communication. Maryland: African Renaissance Books Inc.

Anorue, L. I., Obayi, P. M. & Onyebuchi, C. A. (2012). The mass media, gender balance and politics in Nigeria: An assement. AFRREV LALIGENS: An International Journal of Language, Literature and Gender Studies Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 1(3), 14-35.

Asiru, H.T.; Ogutu, E.A. & Orwenjo, D.O. (2018). Event and actors representation in selected Nigerian daily newspapers. Ghana Journal of Linguistics, 7(1), 84-104. Doi: 10.4314/gjl.v7i1.4

Baran, S.J. & Davis, D.K. (2009). Mass communication theory: Foundations, ferment, and future (5th ed.). Boston MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Carkoglu, A., Baruh, L., & Yildirim, K. (2014). Press-party parallelism and polarization of news media during an election campaign: The case of the 2011 Turkish elections. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 19(3), 295-317. Doi: 10.1177/1940161214528994

Chiluwa, I. (2011). Media representation of Nigeria’s joint military task force in the Niger Delta crisis. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(9), 197-208.

Devaney, H. (2013). Perceptions of media bias: Viewing the news through ideological cues. A Senior Honor Thesis, University of California, San Diego.

Dimitrova, D.V.; Shehata, A.; Stromback, J. & Nord, L.W. (2014). The effects of digital media on political knowledge and participation in election campaigns: Evidence form panel data. Communication Research, 4(1), 95-118. Doi: 10.1177/0093650211426004

Egburonu, S. & Odufowokan, D. (2018, November 18). 2019: Issues that will shape presidential campaigns. The Nation. Retrieved from: http://thenationonlineng.net/2019-issues-will-shape-presidential-campaigns/

Hampl, M. (2017). The representation of social actors in conflicting discourse. In M. Ferenčík & K. Bednárová-Gibová (Eds.) Discourse and Ideology: Studies in Critical Stylistics (56-69). Prešov. Retrieved from: https://www.pulib.sk/web/kniznica/elpub/dokument/Ferencik4/subor/Hampl.pdf

Held, D. (2006). Models of democracy. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Ibraheem, I.A., Ogwezzy-Ndesikka, O. A. & Tejumaiye, A. (2015). Beyond influence: Media and the 2015 presidential election. Retrieved from: www.inecnigeria. org/.../2015/

IDEA, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2017). Elections, electoral systems and party systems: A resource guide. Stockholm: Author.

Iheanacho, E. (2019, October 10). Case for issue based election campaign. Leadership. Retrieved from: https://leadership.ng/2018/10/27/case-for-issue-based-election-campaign/

Kerlinger, F.N. (2000). Foundations of behavioural research (4th ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Kukah, H. (2015). Hate speech, social media and the 2015 election. Retrieved from: pointblanknews.com/pbn/…/hate-speech-social-media-2015-election/

McQuail, D. (2010). McQuail’s mass communication theory (6th ed.). London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Mrabure, K.O. (2016). Counteracting hate speech and the right to freedom of expression in selected jurisdictions. Nnamdi Azikiwe University Journal of International Law and Jurisprudence, (7), 160-169.

Musbeh, M.A. (2018). Managing elections: Definition and classification of election management bodies. SSRN Electronic Journal. Doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2271279

NOI Polls (2015, January 27). Nigerians claim that political campaigns are not addressing key issues in the country: Countdown to 2015 election poll series. Author. Retrieved from: https://www.noi-polls.com/root/index.php?pid=221&parentid=12&ptid=1

Ojebuyi, B.R. & Chukwunwike, A.C. (2018). Gender bias in media representation of political actors: Examples from Nigeria’s 2015 presidential election. Legon Journal of the Humanities, 29(1), 195-225. Doi: 10.4314/ljh.v29i1.8

Okorie, M. (2016). The widening gap of gender inequality in Nigerian politics: Advocating a quota system approach. AFRREV IJAH: An International Journal of Arts and Humanities, 5(2), 251-260.

Scheufele, D.A. & Tewksbury, D. (2007). Framing, agenda setting, and priming: The evolution of three media effects models. Journal of Communication, (57), 9-20. Doi: 10.1111/j.0021-9916.2007.00326.x

Sete, T.A. (2018). Intra party democracy in Ethiopia: Towards a regulatory regime. Haramaya Law Review, (7), 22-47.

Sobowale, D. (2019, January 5). Election campaigns, issues and personalities. The Nation. Retrieved from: http://thenationonlineng.net/election-campaigns-issues-personalities/

Unah, L. (2019). The key issues shaping Nigeria’s presidential election. TRTWorld. Retrieved from: https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/the-key-issues-shaping-nigeria-s-presidential-elections-23995

Wahl-Jorgensen, K. & Hanitzsch, T. (2009). The handbook of journalism studies. New York, NY: Routledge.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.