Telegram Channels in the System of Expert and Political Communication in Modern Russia
pdf (Русский)


Telegram Telegram Channels Social Networks Political Communication Expert Communication Russian Internal Policy Political Analytics Political Manipulation Think Tank Formative Analytics

How to Cite

Lyakhovenko, O. (2022). Telegram Channels in the System of Expert and Political Communication in Modern Russia. Galactica Media: Journal of Media Studies, 4(1), 114-144.


Political telegram-channels play an important role in maintaining political decision making and shaping the public agenda in modern Russia. Both features of the messenger itself (convenience, a low barrier to entry, a short “shoulder” of communication) and the specifics of the political system of modern Russia together with the predominance of non-public policy have prompted political elites to use indirect communication and anonymous instruments of political struggle. Furthermore, political telegram-channels are in demand as an instrument of expert communication and reflection about the current political situation. The purpose of the research is to analyse the features of political and expert communication in telegram-channels in Russia. It is concluded that, despite the objective predominance of manipulative content, telegram-channels form a special expert ecosystem, a kind of “distributed think tank” which analyses Russian internal political and international agenda in real time. Experts and analytical centres use telegram-channels to communicate their position both to decision makers and the general public. The main problem with the use of telegram-channels as an expert network and “distributed think tank” is to distinguish between manipulative and expert components. A widespread phenomenon of “formative analytics” (manipulative content which pretends to be an expertise) take place in telegram-channels. To solve this problem, we offer analytical tools that require high professional skills in working with information from a researcher, as well as the use of the professional reputation of the sources within the real expert community.
pdf (Русский)


Akopova, T. S., Tikhonova, A. V., & Agurova, A. A. (2020). Peculiarities of Telegram as a channel of political communication in the era of digital technology. Opportunities and Threats of a Digital Society: Proceedings of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference, 6–10. (In Russian).

Astafieva, O. N., & Budanov, V. G. (Eds.). (2009). The synergetic paradigm: Social synergetics. Progress-Tradition. (In Russian).

Balatsky, A. M. (2018). Omsk Political Channels in the Telegram messenger: Experience in Describing a Regional Network. Development of Political Institutions and Processes: Foreign and Domestic Experience: Proceedings of the IX All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference, 148–153. (In Russian).

Bilunov, D. (2021, August 17). Russian Telegram Channels: Alternative media used by the establishment. Evropská observatoř žurnalistiky - EJO.

Bodrunova, S. S. (2021). Information disorder practices in/by contemporary Russia. In H. Tumber & S. Waisbord (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism (1st ed., pp. 279–289). Routledge.

Bykov, I. A., Medvedeva, M. V., & Hradziushka, A. A. (2021). Anonymous Communication Strategy in Telegram: Toward Comparative Analysis of Russia and Belarus. 2021 Communication Strategies in Digital Society Seminar (ComSDS), 14–17.

Dementieva, K. V. (2021). Development of Telegram Channels in the Media Space of Russian Regions: Specificity, Typology, Development Prospects (on the Example of Telegram Channels of the Republic of Mordovia). Vestnik of Novosibirsk State University. Series: History. Philology, 20(6), 131–144. (In Russian).

Dorokhin, V. N. (2019). The Phenomenon of Political Telegram Channels as Innovative Digital Media in Russia. Vestnik of Voronezh State University. Series: Philology. Journalism, 1, 103–105. (In Russian).

Epishkin, I. I. (2017). Telegram Channels: Reasons for launching projects and promotion tools. Medi@lmanac, 3 (80), 30–41. (In Russian).

Golosov, G. V., Kiselev, K. V., & Podvintsev, O. B. (2010). Elections and electoral politics. Helix Centre. (In Russian).

Gorbatov, D. S., & Gurushkin, P. Yu. (2021). Propaganda techniques in Internet news memes of the Telegram messenger. Power, 29(3). (In Russian).

Kazanin, V. E. (2017). Telegram Channels as a Promising Technology of Public Power. Issues in political science, 3, 142–149. (In Russian).

Knuutila, A., Herasimenka, A., Bright, J., Nielsen, R., & Howard, P. N. (2020). Junk news distribution on Telegram: The visibility of English-language news sources on public Telegram channels. The Computational Propaganda Research Project.

Konkov, V. I., & Maevskaya, M. I. (2018). Zygar and Nezigar. The Age of Information, 2–2, 262–263. (In Russian).

Konoplev, D. E. (2017). Telegram as a new medium of communication in media and social networks. The sign: the problem field of media education, 3, 198–200. (In Russian).

Lytneva, A. A., & Dubinina, A. E. (2020). Telegram as a new platform in mass communication. Proceedings of the Afanasiev Readings, 2, 52–57. (In Russian).

Mokraya, E. A. (2018). Telegram channel as a platform for political communication. Russian Political Science, 4, 62–66. (In Russian).

Morozova, A. A., & Popova, S. N. (2020). Content in the Social Network: Quality Criteria. Vestnik of Voronezh State University. Series: Philology, 1, 120–124. (In Russian).

Nobari, D. A., Sarraf, M. H. K. M., Neshati, M., & Daneshvar, E. F. (2021). Characteristics of viral messages on Telegram; The world’s largest hybrid public and private messenger. Expert Systems with Applications, 168, 114303.

Popova, O. V. (2021). Online Political Communication of Youth from Russian Megapolises. Galactica Media: Journal of Media Studies, 3(2), 28–54. (In Russian).

Reut, O. C. (2019). Anonymous Telegram Channels in the Political Communication System. Strategic Communication in Today's World: A Collection of Materials from Scientific and Practical Conferences, 314–322. (In Russian).

Rogers, R. (2020). Deplatforming: Following extreme Internet celebrities to Telegram and alternative social media. European Journal of Communication, 35(3), 213–229.

Salikov, A. (2020). Social Media in Russian Politics. Politologija, 99(3), 64–92.

Volodenkov, S. V., & Fedorchenko, S. N. (2021). Digitalization of the Modern Space of Social and Political Communications: Scientific concepts, models and scenarios. Bulletin of Tomsk State University Philosophy. Sociology. Political Science, 60, 175–193. (In Russian).

Yu, S. (2021). The use of social media in political communication. Political linguistics, 1 (85), 149–158. (In Russian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.