Palestine and the British Empire in US Political Cartoons, 1917-1919
pdf (Русский)
html (Русский)

Abstract views: 101
Galleys Downloads: 729 Galleys Downloads: 23

Keywords

World War I
Imperialism
Colonialism
Palestine
Public Opinion
Cartoons
USA
Great Britain
Internal Security
Treaty of Versailles

How to Cite

Buranok, S. (2022). Palestine and the British Empire in US Political Cartoons, 1917-1919. Galactica Media: Journal of Media Studies, 4(4), 244-264. https://doi.org/10.46539/gmd.v4i4.297

Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the process of formation of the image of Palestine and the British Empire at the end of the First World War. On the basis of the materials of American cartoons and periodicals, the main points in the evolution of the attitude of American society to Palestine are considered, the complexities and contradictions in understanding the features of the British Empire are shown. The study of cartoons will help determine the nature of the interaction of textual and visual images in the US media during the discussion of the results of the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles, the League of Nations and the mandate system. Based on the study of cartoons, two stages in the perception of Palestine in the United States are distinguished: 1) “romantic” and 2) “critical”. New images of Palestine, the British colonial empire, and the Middle East first appeared in newspaper articles, and only later in cartoons. The debate between apologetic and critical strands of US public opinion regarding Palestine and the British model of internal security in the colonies became in 1919 one element of a more global debate between Democrats and Republicans about the role of the US in the League of Nations.

https://doi.org/10.46539/gmd.v4i4.297
pdf (Русский)
html (Русский)

References

Alentyeva, T. (2020). The Crucifying Weapon of Laughter. Nineteenth-Century American Political Caricature (1800-1877). Aletheia. (In Russian).

Beard, C. A. (1936). The devil theory of war: An inquiry into the nature of history and the possibility of keeping out of war. The Vanguard Press.

Berkeley Daily Gazette. (1917).

Chicago Tribune. (1919).

Cleveland Plaine Dealer. (1917).

Crighton, J. C. (1947). Missouri and the World War, 1914-1917: A study in public opinion. UMР.

Davis, E. (1921). History of the New York Times, 1851-1921. Ulan Press.

Detroit News. (1919).

Deudney, D. (2001). Greater Britain or Greater Synthesis? Seeley, Mackinder, and Wells on Britain in the global industrial era. Review of International Studies, 27(2), 187–208. https://doi.org/10.1017/S026021050000187X

Dobson, A., & Marsh, S. (2014). Anglo-American Relations: End of a Special Relationship? The International History Review, 36(4), 673–697. https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2013.836124

Editorial Cartoons of J.N. “Ding” Darling. University of Iowa. Libraries. Special Collections Dept. MSC0170. Id. 411207I. (n.d.).

Freedman, L. D. (2006). The Special Relationship, Then and Now. Foreign Affairs, 85, 61–73. https://doi.org/10.2307/20031967

Groen, P. M. H. (1993). Militant response: The Dutch use of military force and the decolonization of the Dutch East Indies, 1945–50. The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 21(3), 30–44. https://doi.org/10.1080/03086539308582905

Gurtov, M. (1974). The United States against the Third World; antinationalism and intervention. Praeger.

Hartford Courant. (1917).

Herald. (1918).

Indiana Daily Times. (1918).

James-Chakraborty, K. (2014). Beyond postcolonialism: New directions for the history of nonwestern architecture. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 3(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foar.2013.10.001

Louis, W. M., & Robinson, R. (1994). The imperialism of decolonization. The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 22(3), 462–511. https://doi.org/10.1080/03086539408582936

Millis, W. (1935). Road to War, America 1914-17. Houghton Mifflin Co.

New York Herald Tribune. (1917).

New York Times. (1917).

O’Keefe, K. J. (1972). A thousand deadlines: The New York City press and American neutrality, 1914-17. Nijhoff. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-2833-2

Peterson, H. C. (1939). Propaganda for war; the campaign against American neutrality, 1914-1917. University of Oklahoma Press.

Pittsburgh Press. (1917).

Rocky Mountains News. (1918).

San Francisco Chronicle. (1918).

Shustrova, E. V. (2013). The Manifestation of Basic Archetypal Images in American Political Cartoons. Political Linguistics, 1, 39–58. (In Russian).

St. Luis Republic. (1919).

Tansill, C. C. (1938). America goes to war. Little, Brown and Co.

The commoner. (1919).

The Dearborn Independent. (1919).

The nonpartisan leader. (1919).

Tompkins, E. B. (1970). Anti-imperialism in the United States: The great debate, 1890-1920. University of Pennsylvania Press. https://doi.org/10.9783/9781512807998

Williams, W. L. (1980). United States Indian Policy and the Debate over Philippine Annexation: Implications for the Origins of American Imperialism. The Journal of American History, 66(4), 810. https://doi.org/10.2307/1887638

Wolfe, P. (1997). History and Imperialism: A Century of Theory, from Marx to Postcolonialism. The American Historical Review, 102(2), 388. https://doi.org/10.2307/2170830

Zhuravleva, V. I. (2017). Myths about Russia in American Political Cartoons: History and Modernity. The USSR and the United States in the Twentieth Century: Perceptions of the Other, 187–213. (In Russian).

Zhuravlyova, V. I. (2012). The Russian Other in American Political Cartoonism: From the 19th Century to the 21st Century. Vestnik (Herald) of the Russian State University for the Humanities. Series: Political Science. History. International Relations. Foreign Regional Studies. Oriental Studies., 7, 64–96. (In Russian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.