Technology and Election Coverage: a Study on Selected Presidential Elections in Nigeria
pdf

Abstract views: 135
PDF Downloads: 95

Keywords

Technology
Election Coverage
Presidential Elections
Nigeria
Media
Communication
press
key informant interview
mass media

How to Cite

Popoola, I., & Ejiwunmi, S. (2019). Technology and Election Coverage: a Study on Selected Presidential Elections in Nigeria. Galactica Media: Journal of Media Studies, 1(3), 113-138. https://doi.org/10.24411/2658-7734-2019-10027

Abstract

This study focuses on the ‘mirror model’ role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in election coverage with specific reference to press coverage of selected presidential elections in Nigeria. The study notes that the mass media are indispensable tools in the political process as a result of the fact that their involvement in election coverage enables the citizenry to have timely information about pre-election campaign and related activities, the election as well as post-election political developments. While noting that timely information is necessary at every stage of the political process, the study noted that the ability of the press to offer such information is hamstrung by the non-availability of the state-or-the-art technology necessary for prompt dissemination, especially, on the part of the electoral umpire. Using the historical method and Key Informant Interview as well as cybernetics theory, the study found out that the delay in prompt release of the final results of presidential elections in Nigeria was due to non-application of the state-of-the art technology and consequently recommended upgrading of all equipment used by the electoral umpire in the conduct of future elections in the country.

https://doi.org/10.24411/2658-7734-2019-10027
pdf

References

Akinboye, O. S. & Popoola I. S. (2010)."Role of ICT in Election coverage by the Nigerian Print Media: A study of the 2007 General Elections" in Media and Technology in Emerging African Democracies. Cosmas U. Nwokeafor& Kehbuma Langrmia (eds.). New York: University Press of America Inc.

Akinfeleye, R. A. (2003). Fourth Estate of the Realm or Fourth Estate of the Wreck: Imperative of Social Responsibility of the Press. Lagos: University of Lagos Press.

Akinfeleye, R.A. (2011). Essentials of Journalism, an introductory text. Lagos: Malthouse press Ltd.

Anifowose, R. (1982). Violence and Politics in Nigeria. Yoruba & Tiv experience. New York: Nok publisher Int.

Baran, J. S. & Davis, K. D. (2009).Mass Communication Theory (5thed) Australia: Wadsworth CENGAGE Learning.

Baskaran, A. & Muchie, M. (2006)."The problem of integrating ICT within National Systems of Innovation: Concepts, Taxonomies and strategies" in Bridging the Digital Divide Angathevar Baskaran & Mammo Muchie (eds.).London: Adonis & Abbey publishers ltd.

Blake, H. R. & Haroldsen, O. E. (1975), A Taxonomy of Concepts in Communication. New York: Hastings House Publishers.

Burton, G. (2010). Media and Society, critical perspective. Berkshire, England: Open University press.

Deutsch, K. (1963). The Nerves of Government. New York: The Free Press.

Edwards, L. (1996). "Reshaping the World of Politics" in Mass Media (Joan Gorhaned)

Folarin, B.(1998). Theories of Mass Communication, An introductory text. Ibadan: Stirling Horden publishers.

Gana, J. (2000). “The media and democracy” in Media and Democracy. Abuja: Nigerian Press Council.

Gauda, Q. P. (2003). An Introduction to Political Theory. New Delhi: Palgrave Macmillan India Ltd.

Grabber, D.A. (2010). Mass Media and American Politics. Washington, D.C: CQ press.

Grossberg, L., Ellen, W. & Whitney, D. C. (1998).Media Making, Mass Media in a popular culture. London: SAGE publications Ltd.

Helge, R. (1995). "Democracy, civil society and the media in Africa in the nineties, A - discussion of the emergence and relevance of some analytical concepts for the understanding of the situation in Africa" in The European Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 8, Issue 4.

Hofbaver, M. (1990). "Information Technology: Hardware and Systems" in Desmond, Evans . (ed), People, Communication and Organization, London: Pitman Publishing.

Hofstetter, T. F. (2001). Multimedia Literacy (3rd edition) Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Isaak, C. A. (1981). Scope and Methods of Political Science, an introduction to the Methodology of Political Inquiry. Illinois: The Dorsey press.

Jinadu, L. A. (2011). “Comparative analysis of security challenges of Elections in Nigeria” in Lai Olurode & Altahiru Jega (eds) Security Challenges of Election Management in Nigeria.. Abuja: Independent National Electoral Commission.

Komolafe, F. (2004). Nigerian Journalists Directory. Lagos: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung

Maitambari, U.(2011). “Emerging pattern of security challenges: some reflections on 1983 and 2007 elections" in Security Challenges of Election Management in Nigeria. Lai Olurode and Attahiru Jega (eds.). Abuja: The Independent National Electoral Commission.

McQuail, D. (2010). McQuail's Mass Communication Theory (6thed.). London: SAGE publications Ltd.

Mohammed, M. (1990)."Traditional Forms of Communication in Borno State". An unpublished paper presented at international communication conference, May 10, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.

North, C. R.(1967). "The analytical prospects of communications theory" in James C. Charles worth (ed.) Contemporary Political Analysis. New York: The free press.

Odunewu, A.(2000). "Welcome Address" in Media and Democracy. Abuja: Nigerian Press Council.

Ologbenla, D. (2003). "Political Instability, Conflict and the 2003 General Elections" in 2003 General Elections and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria. Remi Anifowose &Tunde Babawale (eds) Lagos: Firedrich Ebert Stiftung.

Onuoha, B.(2003). "A Comparative Analysis of General Elections in Nigeria" in 2003 General Elections and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria. Remi Anifowose &Tunde Babawale (eds) Lagos: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.

Pelton, J. (1981). Global Talk: The marriage of the computer World Communications and Man. London: The Harvester Press Ltd.

Pool, I. D. S. (1983). Technologies of freedom Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Press.

Roger D & Dominick J. R. (2006). Mass Media Research, An Introduction (8th ed.) New York: Wadsworth cengage learning.

Sawant, P. B. J. (2000). "Media and Democracy: A Global view" in Media 'and Democracy: Abuja: Nigerian Press Council.

Semetko, H. A. (1996). "The media" in Comparing Democracies, elections and Voting in Global Perspective. Lawrence Leduc, Richard G. Niemi&Pippa Norris (eds)London: SAGE publication

Severin. J. W. & Tankard, W. J. (2001). Communication Theories: Origins, methods and uses in the media. New York: Addison Wesley Longman. Inc.

Whitney, C. F. (1975). Mass Media and Mass Communication in Society .Iowa: WinC. Brown.

Wimmer, R.D. & Dominick, J.R. (2006). Mass Media Research An Introduction (8th ed.). Boston: Wadswroth Centage learning.

Media News Reports

"Obasanjo Wins", Vanguard, Mon. March 1st

"Results from II states released," The Punch, Tuesday, August 13,

FEDECO, lead us not into darkness," The Punch editorial, Tuesday, July 10.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.