Memorial Narrative and Procedural Aspects of Cultural Exclusion
pdf (Русский)


Cultural Exclusion Memorial Narrative Procedural Rhetorics Public History Chronotope Retrotopia Nostalgia Descriptive Bolvanka Cultural Memory Public Narrative

How to Cite

Troitskiy, S. (2022). Memorial Narrative and Procedural Aspects of Cultural Exclusion. Galactica Media: Journal of Media Studies, 4(2), 15-40.


The article focuses on the process of deploying a public memorial narrative and its impact on cultural memory and the processes of cultural exclusion. The author proposes to look at several aspects using new methodological solutions: how the public memorial narrative is formed; why the narrative does not fall apart if different people participate in its deployment; how the memorial narrative preserves excluded experience; how the research of cultural memory benefits from video game study approach. The main goal is to find out how the excluded cultural experience is preserved, if the main task of deploying a public narrative is to displace the “superfluous”. Several analytical concepts are proposed: the key point, the interpretive bundle, the zero point, the descriptive bolvanka, the procedural rhetoric of cultural memory, the chronotope of the public memorial narrative and others. Through these notions it is possible to explain some processes of narrative pragmatics related to emotions, behavior, presumptions and stereotypes. The article is intended for a wide range of readers interested in public history, the history of emotions, narratology, the theory of cultural exclusion and frontier zones.
pdf (Русский)


Adorno, Th. W., & Horkheimer, M. (2022). Dialectic of Enlightenment (E. Jephcott, Trans.). Stanford University Press.

Agamben, G. (1998). Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life (D. Heller-Roazen, Trans.). Stanford University Press.

Barrett, F. S., Grimm, K. J., Robins, R. W., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., & Janata, P. (2010). Music-evoked nostalgia: Affect, memory, and personality. Emotion, 10(3), 390–403.

Barthes, R. (1984). De l’oeuvre au texte [From the work to the text]. In R. Barthes, Le bruissement de la langue [The rustle of the tongue] (pp. 69–78). Seuil (In French).

Baudouin de Courtenay, A. I. (1963a). On the general causes of linguistic change. In Selected Works on General Linguistics (Vol. 1, pp. 222–254). USSR Academy of Sciences Press. (In Russian).

Baudouin de Courtenay, A. I. (1963b). Humanization of Language. In Selected Works on General Linguistics (Vol. 1, pp. 258–264). USSR Academy of Sciences Press. (In Russian).

Bauman, Z. (2017). Retrotopia. Polity Press.

Behler, A. M. C., Cairo, A., Green, J. D., & Hall, C. (2021). Making America Great Again? National Nostalgia’s Effect on Outgroup Perceptions. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 555667.

Bogost, I. (2007). Persuasive games: The expressive power of video games. The MIT Press.

Boym, S. (2001). The future of nostalgia. Basic Books.

Brodsky, A. I. (2014). The Metaphysics of Artistic Form. In A. I. Brodsky & S. A. Troitsky (Ed.), Finding Meaning. Reading and Writing as a Philosophical Problem (pp. 11–22). St. Petersburg Philosophical Society. (In Russian).

Buzatu, M. (2012). The Romanian Monarchy and The Nationalist Propaganda. Case Study: King Carol II’s Visits to the Historical Regions Of Romania – Transilvania, Dobrogea And Basarabia (December 1939 – January 1940). Interstitio. East European Review of Historical and Cultural Anthropology, IV(1–2), 144–150.

Gammon, S., & Ramshaw, G. (2021). Distancing from the Present: Nostalgia and Leisure in Lockdown. Leisure Sciences, 43(1–2), 131–137.

Garrido, S. (2018). The influence of personality and coping style on the affective outcomes of nostalgia: Is nostalgia a healthy coping mechanism or rumination? Personality and Individual Differences, 120, 259–264.

Guy, J. (2016). Elizabeth. The Forgotten Years. Viking.

Hakan Yavuz, M. (2020). Nostalgia for the Empire: The Politics of Neo-Ottomanism. NY Oxford University Press.

Holak, S. L., Matveev, A. V., & Havlena, W. J. (2007). Nostalgia in post-socialist Russia: Exploring applications to advertising strategy. Journal of Business Research, 60(6), 649–655.

Jakobson, R. O. (1985). On the theory of phonological conjunctions between languages. In Selected Works (pp. 92–104). Progress. (In Russian).

Jewel, L. A. (2011). The Bramble Bush of Forking Paths: Digital Narrative, Procedural Rhetoric, and the Law. Yale Journal of Law and Technology, 14, 66–105.

Kuzio, T. (2003). Analysis: Attitudes to Soviet Past Reflect Nostalgia, Pragmatism. The Ukrainian Weekly, 71(34).

Lomonosov, M. V. (1952). Ideas for pictorial paintings from Russian history. In Complete Works (Vol. 6, pp. 365–373). USSR Academy of Sciences. (In Russian).

Lomonosov, M. V. (1955). Description of the festive pictorial representations in the Conference Hall of the Academy of Sciences. 1742 earlier April 29. In Complete Works (Vol. 9, pp. 391–400). USSR Academy of Sciences. (In Russian).

Lomonosov, M. V. (1959). A word of praise to Her Majesty the Sovereign Empress Elisaveta Petrovna, Sovereign of All Russia, delivered on 26 November 1749. Panegyricus Elisabetae Augustae Russiarum Imperatrici Patrio Sermone Dictus Orante Michaele Lomonosow. Latine Redditus Eodem Auctore. In Complete Works (Vol. 8, p. 252). USSR Academy of Sciences. (In Russian).

Nagorski, A. (1996). Kissing Up to the Past: Will the Politics of Nostalgia Pull the Communists Back to Power? Newsweek, 127(24), 44–45.

Nikolaeva, Zh., & Troitskiy, S. (2018). An Introduction to Russian and International Studies of Cultural Exclusion Zones: An Analytical Overview of Recent Concepts. Rivista Di Estetica, 67, 3–19.

Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Parker, L. E., & Larson, J. (1994). Ruminative coping with depressed mood following loss. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(1), 92–104.

Orge, S. (1975). The Illusion of Power: Political Theater in the English Renaissance. University of California Press.

Orwell, G. (1949). Nineteen Eighty-Four. Harcourt, Brace and Company.

Petrovskaya, K. (2021). Esther it seems. Stories. Ivan Limbach Publishers. (In Russian).

Platt, K. M. F., & Brandenberger, D. (1999). Terribly Romantic, Terribly Progressive, or Terribly Tragic: Rehabilitating Ivan IV under I. V. Stalin. The Russian Review, 58(4), 635–654.

Plekhanov, A. A., & Gerasimov, V. K. (2021). The Formation of Ukrainian Literary Canon on the Donbass War: Emotional Matrices of Non-Combatant. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie, 4, 176–191. (In Russian).

Rawlinson, M. (2010). Pat Barker. Palgrave Macmillan.

Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Gaertner, L., Routledge, C., & Arndt, J. (2008). Nostalgia as an enabler of self continuity. In F. Sani (Ed.), Self continuity: In- dividual and collective perspectives (pp. 227‑239). Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group.

Shcherba, L. V. (1974). On the threefold aspect of linguistic phenomena and experiment in linguistics. In Linguistic System and Speech Activity (pp. 24–39). Nauka. (In Russian).

Sherlock, T. (2016). Russian politics and the Soviet past: Reassessing Stalin and Stalinism under Vladimir Putin. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 49(1), 45–59.

Sokolowska-Paryz, M. (2012). Reimagining the War Memorial, Reinterpreting the Great War: The Formats of British Commemorative Fiction. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Sreznevsky, I. I. (1959). Thoughts on the History of the Russian Language. Uchpedgiz. (In Russian).

Starovoitenko, A. D. (2019). Between Nostalgia and Retrotopia. Inter, 11(18), 125–135. (In Russian).

Treanor, M., & Mateas, M. (2009). Newsgames: Procedural Rhetoric Meets Political Cartoons. DiGRA ’09 - Proceedings of the 2009 DiGRA International Conference: Breaking New Ground: Innovation in Games, Play, Practice and Theory, 5.

Troitskiy, S. (2018). The problem of terminological precision in studies on cultural exclusion zones. Rivista Di Estetica, 67, 165–180.

Troitskiy, S. (2022). The Influence of the COVID-19 – Induced Unease Infrastructure on Cultural and Social Spheres. In Publish.

Troitskiy, S., Kurvet-Käosaar, L., & Laineste, L. (2021). Introduction: From Conceptual Debates to Practical Applications. Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore, 83, 7–28.

Troitsky, S. A. (2010). The Process of National Self-Identification in Russia in the 18th Century and the Formation of Local History. Veche, 21, 94–108. (In Russian).

Troitsky, S. A. (2012). On the Possibility or Impossibility of Interpreting the Legacy of M.V. Lomonosov from the Positions of Philosophy of Art. Observatory of Culture, 3, 78–82. (In Russian).

Troitsky, S. A. (2015). The Problem of Terminological Accuracy in the Study of Cultural Exclusion Zones. New Literary Review, 3, 66–75. (In Russian).

Tulli, M. (2011). Bronek. In M. Tulli, Włoskie szpilki [Italian High Heels] (pp. 63–78). Nisza (In Polish).

White, H. (1973). Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Baltimore, London.

Wiedmer, C. A. (1999). The Claims of Memory: Representations of the Holocaust in Contemporary Germany and France. Cornell University Press.

Wulf, T., Breuer, J. S., & Schmitt, J. B. (2021). Escaping the pandemic present: The relationship between nostalgic media use, escapism, and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychology of Popular Media.

Zavadsky, A., & Dubina, V.. (2021). All in the Past: The Theory and Practice of Public History. Novoe izdatel'stvo. (In Russian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.